Mexicali, the state’s capital and agricultural homeland, is a fertile farmland surrounded by desert. With more than 200,000 hectares under irrigation, this impressive area is responsible for some of Mexico’s major crops, including wheat and cotton. Mexicali has become an important exporter of asparagus, broccoli, green onions and radishes worldwide.
Mexicali offers a wide variety of activities. Tourists who like bullfights, must visit the Plaza de Calafia Bullring. The city also offers a treat to those folks who love wrestling and boxing. Mexicali as well offers a professional golf course with 18 holes.
HISTORY , In pre-Columbian times, the Río Colorado delta was inhabited by a centuries-long succession of Yumano tribes. When the Spanish first stumbled upon the delta after traversing, with great difficulty, the Sonora Desert's Camino del Diablo ("Devil's Road"), a sophisticated Río Colorado culture was cultivating squash, melons, peas, and five colors of corn: yellow, blue, white, red, and blue-white. The Indians also possessed an impressive knowledge of medicinal herbs and employed desert plants like mesquite and agave in a wide variety of uses. Like their neighbors the Kiliwas, the Cucapás' numbers were greatly reduced by Spanish missionization in northwest Mexico.
Among the major Yumano groups in the region were the Cucapás, who navigated the difficult Río Colorado on reed rafts. Today Cucapá descendants inhabit a small government-protected corner of the delta near the junction of the Hardy and Colorado rivers. For the most part, the Indians work on agricultural ejidos or fish the rivers, although many have migrated to Mexicali. Few indigenous customs survived both the Spanish and Mexican eras; both the Kiliwas and the Cucapás continued to practice cremation rituals, for example, until they were banned by the Mexican government early this century.
Among its many attractions, visitors can enjoy: the boiling craters and the mud volcanoes in Cerro Prieto, thermal waters, waterfalls and palm trees from the Guadalupe Canyon, where a refreshing bath can be taken. Enjoy the wild greenery and the view of the farm fields in the route to "Los Algodones," the Macahui lagoon, the UABC Regional Museum and the Civic Commercial Center, the State Theater, the Calafia Bull Ring, the Zoo in the city's forest, the Natural History Museum, the monument to Friar Junipero Sierra, the City Gallery, the House of Culture, and the "Cachanilla" Square.